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Nail training – Nail diseases

Fungal infections:
Fungal infections do not spare nails either. They spread fast and can be cured with a very long treatment. The nail is generally infected due to the injury of skin folds that protect the nail plate. They have more types which can only be treated by a doctor.

  1. nailbitingProliferous fungus
    It attacks the nail bed. First it causes only the sensation of swelling, redness and pulsation. Later the surface produces secretion and is raised from the nail plate so the matrix loses its protection against pathogens. The injury or infection can alsobe caused by using a non-sterilized cuticle trimmer during manicure or a non-sterilized cuticle pusher during nail building, etc.
  2. Thread fungus
    It attacks from the free edge. The definite curve of the smile line of the free edge becomes irregular. The colour of the nail plate becomes the same as the free edge. The nail plate can completely come off the nail bed. It is not painful but a very tough infection which requires a long treatment. The infection may be transmitted from one nail to the other.
  3. Mould fungus
    It attacks the nail plate itself. First it’s greenish coloured then it is brownish. The nail plate softens, is painful and very stinky. Placing the artificial nail on the wrong way may result in mould fungus, but in most cases, it is caused by wearing tartificial nail improperly.

85% of the population is affected by some kind of fungal infection. Unfortunately, the fungus infects very fast and can be cured very slowly. The reason for such slow recovery is partly because the disease has been noticed late, the patient got to the doctor late, but it is also often the case that the dermatologist did not notice which fungus type caused the infection and made the wrong medical treatment. The „let’s try this medicine or cream” treatment never or, in very rare cases, leads to a fast recovery. A competent specialist should be looked for in any case so that the fungal infection will be cured quickly.

Nail groove inflammation
Inflammation of the nail fold on the edge of fingers and toes which can be acute or chronic.

Symptoms of acute nail groove inflammation: pain, pulsation on the edge of nail bed, the cuticle becomes red, swollen, pus appears beneath the nail which sometimes becomes visible. It can be caused by bacterium infection as the result of stinging; herpes virus that is very painful but it may cause infection without ulceration. Treatment: soaking in warm water, wet-dressing made of magnesium-sulphite (bitter-salt). Do not apply disinfectant cream as it does not reach the infection through the skin.

Chronic nail groove inflammation is caused by fungal infection and particularly affects those who suffer from diabetes and whose hands often touch water (barman, cleaner, cook, fishmonger). Symptoms: the nail bed on the fingertip becomes swollen, round, red, the nail will be striped, ridged and the green, yellow, black discolouration beneath the nail indicates infection. It usually appears on more nails. It can also be caused by nails cut too short. As its neopathy it may reappear many times or the nail can be deformed. Treatment: keep nails dry, do not rub emollient cream into the nail bed, soak the infected fingers in alcohol.

Scaling nail
The uppermost part of the nail begins to peel off. Its reason can be too much water, soap, detergent or even wearing rubber gloves. The nail bed should be treated with proper cream on a daily basis.

Brittle nail
It can be caused by a bad state of health or protein-lacking nourishment. In such case we should eat more lean meat, fish, fresh fruit and vegetables. Brittle nails can be very dry so rub some cream into them every morning and evening and do not let them grow long.

Loose nail
It can be the result of applying nail hardeners too intensively (e.g. with formaldehyde content). The nail can be separated from the nail bed (the parts under the nail may become infected and the nail gets discoloured), it recovers slowly in each case and the nail should always be cut short. Loose nail may be accompanied by eczema or psoriasis.

Moving nail
If the hand touches water too often the outer skin layer can be peeled off from the cuticle grown over the nail. Split or moving nail is painful and may become infected. In such cases always apply cream on the skin.

Dimples on nail
Occur often, they do not indicate organic disorder. Always keep the nails clean and coat them with a mixture of glycerin and boric acid. Do not use nail polish or nail polish remover until there is an improvement.

Black nail
It can be the result of a strong blow to the nail which causes bleeding. If the bleeding is too heavy the nail drops off.

Yellow nail
It can be caused by nail polish if we apply it without base coat. It is a harmless discolouration which disappears after the nail regrows.

White spots
They generally occur after small injuries (e.g.injury around the nail), they are harmless and they overgrow.

Nail biting
It can be more serious than it seems if the nail is bitten up to the epidermis or even the epidermis gets injured; it is possible to get a bad infection. Nail biting often speeds up nail growth. It can cause problems within the basic structure of the nail, too. It can be the result of addiction, boredom, distress, excitement, uncertainty. It leads to weak nail. In extreme cases, when the nail is bitten up to the flesh (the sensitive skin under the nail), the fingers get hurt as well. It can be treated by applying a top coat that prevents biting (No Bite). This should always be the uppermost coat.